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Looking for a good CBD oil? You might notice that many CBD oil products mention cannabinoid concentrations. Cannabinoids are often confused with CBD itself since the two substances sound similar. However, CBD and cannabinoid chemicals are technically two different compounds. Understanding what a cannabinoid is can help you find the right CBD product that suits your unique needs!

What Is a Cannabinoid?

A cannabinoid is a naturally occurring compound that is most frequently found in the cannabis plant. These compounds interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system, so they promote a variety of effects on your emotional wellness and your physical health. Depending on the cannabinoid, it can impact your appetite, mood, memory, perception of pain, movement, and coordination. 

The most well-known cannabinoid is called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It’s the substance that makes cannabis intoxicating. However, there are a wide variety of other cannabinoid types in the cannabis plant. The average cannabis plant contains somewhere between 80 to 100 cannabinoid types, and 113 distinct cannabinoid types have been identified by scientists. 

How Do Cannabinoids Affect Your CBD Oil?

The most noticeable effect of a cannabinoid is its mental impact. THC tends to produce that classic “high” feeling, while CBD has a calming effect. When you buy CBD oil, you’re picking a product that has little to no THC. However, CBD oils almost always do contain other cannabinoid types besides THC. For example, typical CBD oils tend to have high CBD levels along with small amounts of cannabigerol and other beneficial cannabinoids. 

The Entourage Effect

When you get CBD oils with other cannabinoid types in the mix, you end up experiencing what scientists call the ‘entourage effect.’ The entourage effect refers to the way all of the various compounds in cannabis interact with each other. Individual cannabinoid types can interact with each other or with flavorful compounds called terpenes. These interactions can strengthen the impact of a substance or cause slightly different benefits. For example, certain cannabinoid combinations may result in a substance that makes you feel less anxious, more sleepy, or more focused than pure CBD. 

Full-Spectrum CBD Oils

In most cases, entourage effects are very useful. The complex interactions help to ensure you have a more balanced experience and get the full benefits of CBD. If you want to get the benefits of having multiple cannabinoid types at once, you need a full spectrum CBD product. These products are essentially straightforward plant extracts with just the psychoactive THC removed. They contain CBD, terpenes, multiple cannabinoid types, and essential oils. 

Explore the Different Types of Cannabinoids

What type of cannabinoid should you use? This will depend on the benefits you want to experience. Of course, everyone is different, but certain cannabinoid types tend to cause specific effects. 


Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most common cannabinoid types. It has been shown to help with seizures, and it can also reduce anxiety and pain. CBD is non-intoxicating. Instead of making you feel a “high,” this cannabinoid just tends to make you feel relaxed and possibly sleepy. CBD is an anti-inflammatory, and some preliminary research indicates it may help the heart and brain avoid inflammation-based damage.


Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid formed by THC breaking down. When THC is exposed to heat or light, it turns into CBN. Unlike THC, CBN oil doesn’t have a psychoactive effect. Instead, it has more calming, relaxing properties. CBN oil is primarily used to treat sleep disorders and reduce pain.


Cannabigerol (CBG) is non-intoxicating and doesn’t have much of a mental effect at all. However, it tends to have some helpful physical effects not found in other cannabinoid types. Research shows that CBG oil tends to be highly anti-inflammatory. It may be the main reason cannabis is so helpful with glaucoma, for example. CBG oil may also help to reduce symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), bladder dysfunction, and Huntington’s disease.


Cannabichromene (CBC) is a less well-known type of cannabinoid, but researchers are beginning to realize it has many impacts on users. This cannabinoid is highly anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. It may help to strengthen your immune system and reduce pain. In fact, CBC’s anti-pain effects are so strong that some researchers believe it is the main reason cannabis helps with chronic pain. 

Final Thoughts

As you can see, the various cannabinoid types can help to enhance your emotional wellness and physical health in a lot of ways. Depending on your situation, you may want to specifically choose a CBG or CBN oil isolate. However, many people get the best results from full spectrum CBD oils that let them experience the benefits of multiple cannabinoid types at once. Thanks to the entourage effect, many of these cannabinoids work together to help you handle things like pain, insomnia, anxiety and many other everyday wellness concerns.