Everything we need to Learn About Brain Surgery

Brain surgery includes several medical procedures that help repair brain structural problems. It has different types that depend on the area and condition of your treatment.

Neurosurgeons use advanced technology to treat brain conditions without an incision in.

You can get Goosebumps when you first hear about brain surgery because it is the most critical procedure. But learning about the post and before brain surgery facts can help you deal with its effects. All you need is to find a reliable neurosurgeon who uses advanced technology and helps you to make a better decision with the transparency of your condition. 

Let’s find out some reasons that require brain surgery.  

Physical abnormalities of the brain need to be done. Brain surgery can be done to treat your condition but depends on what type you need.

The condition around your brain or inside may require brain surgery, such as:

  • Bleeding 
  • Epilepsy 
  • Pressure after head injury 
  • Blood clots
  • An aneurysm 
  • A stroke
  • Fluid building 
  • Brain tumors
  • Abscesses
  • Nerve damage 
  • Abnormal blood vessel 

When I visited a Neurosurgeon in Karachi, he shared that the team performs this type of surgery with complete detail of anesthesia, monitoring, and after-surgery care. These are sensitive surgeries and require more care than other physical treatments. A whole team decided about physical therapy, speech therapy, anesthesia, monitoring, etc. 

Types of brain surgery we need to know

Craniotomy – A Bone Flap in the Skull

Neurosurgeons create a hole or make an incision on the scalp, which is known as a craniotomy. These holes or incisions are often made around the area of the brain. This kind of surgery is done to treat the abnormal tissues, remove the brain tumor and blood clots, relieve injury pressure, repair skull fracture, etc.

Neurosurgeons use plates, wires, and sutures to secure the bone flap after the surgery. 


When the tests or imagining shows that there is a potential abnormality in the brain, a biopsy is performed. It often includes an incision or a needle. Both processes are used to remove the brain cell and tissues that are sent to the pathologist for examination. 

Deep Brain stimulation (DBS)

There is a device named implantable pulse generator that is used to deliver electrical stimulation to specific areas in the brain. It involves making a small hole in the skull, but the neurosurgeon implants the device rather than removing any tissue. This kind of device is used to check the symptoms of different diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. 

Minimally Invasive Endonasal endoscopy surgery

This process involves a threading thin tube that is known as an endoscope. Neurosurgeons use this endoscope to access or remove brain cells through the mouth, nose, or small incisions in the skull. This endoscope has a camera and a light that is used for performing the surgery. 

Minimally Invasive Neuroendoscopy  

It is a similar technique as endonasal endoscopic surgery, but neuroendoscopy uses the endoscopes to remove the brain tumors. Neurosurgeons make small holes in the skull to access the brain tumor or other tissues.

People who go under brain surgery should discuss everything with the neurosurgeon and how to recover fast. Multiple factors can put you at risk. Learning about risk factors can help you to deal with them. 

It carries the following risks factors:

  • Brain swelling
  • Memory problem
  • Memory problems
  • A blood clot
  • Seizure
  • Stroke
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Impaired speech
  • Impaired vision

When you are deciding to go under surgery, ensure that you discuss every little detail about medications you take, symptoms, allergies, alcohol consumption, etc.

Researchers from Neuro Mind Hospital share that patients must use only special soaps to wash the hairs before the surgery. You should also ask your doctor about post-surgery care tips.


After the brain surgery, you will be monitored by your team to ensure that everything is going right or not. Every surgery is different and takes time to recover. You should also follow a diet plan that can help you to recover fast from brain surgery and manage other deficiencies in your body.