Studies have shown that metacognitive beliefs in women make them feel more vulnerable in certain situations. As a result, women are more prone to anxiety and related issues. This can also lead to elevated anxiousness in young women.
Treating anxiety in women is essential and can be a bit different from men. Changing reproductive cycles and hormonal fluctuations remain the reasons behind this difference between genders.
With the fast-paced life, work-related problems, societal issues, and health troubles, it is common for women to suffer from varying degrees of anxiety. Anxiety can disrupt the normal flow of life. And can cause physical, emotional, and psychological distress.
This is why it is necessary to recognize anxiety symptoms in women and their causes. This gives a better view of the problem and ways to tackle it. Here is a guide to understanding the issue of anxiety in women.
Anxiety Disorders In Women
Anxiety disorders have several types, ranging in their symptoms and risk factors. Some surface at a certain age without any particular reason, while others result from traumatic events. Some of the common anxiety disorders are:
- GAD or generalized anxiety disorder
- Adjustment disorder
- OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder
- PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder
- SAD or social anxiety disorder
Some anxiety types are seen in women only due to their hormonal fluctuations. They are:
- Puberty anxiety
- Prenatal anxiety
- Postpartum anxiety
- PMDD or premenstrual dysphoric disorder
- Menopausal anxiety
Common Symptoms Of Anxiety In Women
Anxiety can have mental symptoms along with physical signs. Some people experience their lower levels, and others to the point where they cannot perform daily tasks. It is crucial to identify anxiety symptoms in women to find a solution.
Common emotional symptoms are:
- Irritation of small things
- Excessive fear
- Constant stress and tension
- Lack of focus
- Feeling on edge and restless
- Lack of decisiveness
Common physical symptoms are:
- Musical tension
- Digestive trouble
- Lack of sleep
- Difficulty in breathing
- Excessive sweating
- Shaking and shivering
- Loud heartbeats
- Hot flashes
Several risk factors make women more anxiety-prone. Some of these risk factors are:
- Lack of support
- Mental or physical health disorder
- Bad coping mechanism
- Anxiety-related family history
Some of the common triggers of anxiety in women are:
- Life changes like a job change, marriages, divorce, childbirth, etc.
- A traumatic event like the death of a loved one, abuse/harassment, accidents, etc.
- The stressful environment in the family and workplace
- Low income
- Not getting enough sleep
- Underlying mental health issues
- Unhealthy relationships
Managing Anxiety In Women
It is crucial to know how to lessen anxiety by making lifestyle changes. Some common ways to control anxiety in women are:
- Take Some Time Out: Usually, daily life can induce stress that can lead to anxiety. It is crucial to take some time out, relax and do things you like to unwind.
- Keep Active: Daily walking, jogging, or working out can help reduce anxiety by maintaining better mental health along with physical fitness.
- Meditate: Yoga and practicing mindfulness can help induce happy hormones like serotonin by stimulating certain brain parts. This can help calm your mind and decrease anxiety.
- Avoid Caffeine: Caffeine increases heart rate and thus can be a significant inducer of jittery feelings. This can lead to hyper-alertness and sleep issues.
- Sleep Enough: It is crucial to sleep enough, as a well-rested mind and body can cope better with anxiety-inducing triggers.
- Avoid Drinking Alcohol: Make it a point to avoid alcohol and nicotine, as they can induce nervousness and anxiety in prone people.
Commonly Asked Questions About Anxiety in Women
- Is anxiety preventable? – Anxiety is not preventable. But they are manageable with the right life changes and medical help.
- How long does an anxiety attack last? – Anxiety attacks can last up to days, as they grow gradually over time, unlike panic attacks that pass quickly.
- What are common treatments of anxiety? – In extreme cases of anxiety, CBT and exposure therapy are recommended. CBT is to redirect the patterns of thoughts. Exposure therapy helps by confronting the situations that you are avoiding.
- What is hormone therapy? – Hormone therapy is prescribed to menopausal women and ones with PMDD. Estrogen elevates estrogen levels, which helps decrease anxiety and depression.
- What are some common medications prescribed for anxiety disorder? – Benzodiazepines, SNRIs, SSRIs, and tricyclic antidepressants are some common medications prescribed.
Anxiety is common, but regular episodes of anxiousness and nervousness that affect the quality of life should be appropriately managed. You should identify the triggers and anxiety symptoms in women in time. It would be best to discuss how you feel to someone you trust and rely on. This will help recognize anxiety and its effects in a realistic way.